Ancient bone artefact found | EurekAlert! Science News


Graphic: Determine 1. Map displaying the place of Murrawong in the Decrease Murray River Gorge region of South Australia.
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Credit rating: Flinders College

The discovery of a uncommon bone artefact close to the Lessen Murray River casts a lot more light-weight on the wealthy archaeological file on Ngarrindjeri country in southern Australia.

Information of the Murrawong bone position, dated between c. 5,300-3,800 decades outdated, has have been described by Flinders College, Griffith University and other specialists in a new paper in Australian Archaeology.

Likely built from a macropod (kangaroo or wallaby) bone, the stage was possible utilised for piercing gentle supplies – for example, employed as a pin on a cloak produced of possum furs – or potentially as a projectile place, say the research leaders Dr Christopher Wilson and Professor Amy Roberts from Flinders University Archaeology.

Even though stone artefacts and shell middens are usually identified on the surface, bone objects are mostly uncovered all through excavations. The final equivalent one was uncovered in the Lower Murray River Gorge was in the 1970s.

Dr Wilson, a Ngarrindjeri person, says that “even a person come across of this sort gives us with alternatives to realize the use of bone technologies in the region and how this sort of artefacts were being adapted to a riverine surroundings.”

“Bone artefacts have lacked the same total of study in comparison to artefacts manufactured of stone, so each and every discovery reminds us of the varied product society made use of by Aboriginal peoples in this country,” adds Professor Roberts.

The artefact was identified throughout latest excavation work. The project was carried out in collaboration with the Ngarrindjeri neighborhood.


This research kinds component of a much larger project that Dr Wilson is main to investigate the abundant archaeological record on Ngarrindjeri nation.

The paper, ‘Analysis and contextualisation of a Holocene bone stage from Murrawong (Glen Lossie), Reduced Murray River Gorge, South Australia’ (2021) by C Wilson, AL Roberts, M Langley, L Wallis, R Luebbers, C Westell, C Morton and the Ngarrindjeri Aboriginal Corporation has been revealed in Australian Archaeology DOI: 10.1080/03122417.2021.1886893&#13

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